What is a test?
While we commonly think of tests as either a series of questions to be answered and scored or a set of actions to be performed and scored, from the EEO perspective, the definition of test is much broader. Any part of a selection procedure where candidates are considered and some are chosen, while others are not, is subject to the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (UGESP) (41 CFR 60-3) and, for all intents and purposes, are tests. This includes interviews and pre-employment screenings. For example, if a receptionist is instructed to make sure that the candidates can speak understandable English and she uses her judgment of how easily the candidates communicate with her to decide that some will move forward in the selection process and some will not, this is a test, even if the receptionist did not conceive of herself as administering a test.
What is the significance of being a test?
It is important to know what constitutes a test because tests that screen out applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origi