The Supreme Court addresses systemic employment discrimination questions relatively rarely. In Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 564 U.S. 338 (2011), the Supreme Court addressed questions related to systemic pay discrimination claims under Title VII. The Supreme Court's decision contained several significant rulings regarding systemic pay discrimination claims. For example, the Supreme Court explained that statistical aggregation in regressions designed to demonstrate pay discrimination must be structured (1) to evaluate pay decisions of a common decisio