What is the employer’s role in the interactive process when an employee may not be able to fully understand everything that is involved in the process? Just what is involved? And what is meant by a cognitive impairment?
Let us start out by describing what cognition is. Cognition is the act of knowing and/or thinking. It includes the ability to understand, remember, and use information. It also includes the ability to pay attention and concentrate, process and understand information, remember, communicate, plan and organize, reason, problem solve, and make decisions and judgments. Many different medical conditions and disabilities can cause cognitive impairments and they will vary greatly from person to person. Disabilities that might cause or contribute to cognitive impairments include, but are not limited to, intellectual and learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, sleep disorders, brain injuries