Affirmative Action (AA) has been around for more than 60 years and it has been demonstrated that there have been advancements in the employment of minorities and women associated with affirmative action. Therefore we might argue that, YES, affirmative action is taking place and we are seeing women and minorities make headway in the workforce. HOWEVER, it is unclear whether the contractor’s AA efforts are influencing these successes or if they are the result of changes in the workforce and society. The research and statistics suggest that minorities and women are advancing, but there are stark differences dependent upon the industry with cer